Japan stole Diaoyu Islands


China’s Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi has accused Tokyo of stealing disputed islands. Source: AAP
United Nations:  CHINESE Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi has sparked angry exchanges at the UN by accusing Japan of stealing disputed islands. 

Chinese and Japanese envoys had the exchanges on Thursday after Yang heightened tensions over the East China Sea islands, and reopened old diplomatic wounds over World War II.

The Japanese government‘s purchase of the uninhabited islands from a private owner this month has infuriated Beijing and set off violent protests in China.

“China strongly urges Japan to immediately stop all activities that violate China’s territorial sovereignty, take concrete actions to correct its mistakes and return to the track of resolving the dispute through negotiation,” Yang told the UN assembly.

He reaffirmed his country’s claim that Japan tricked China into signing a treaty ceding the islands in 1895.

Japan says the islands were legally incorporated into its territory.

“The moves taken by Japan are totally illegal and invalid,” the Chinese minister said.

“They can in no way change the historical fact that Japan stole Diaoyu and its affiliated islands from China and the fact that China has territorial sovereignty over them.”

Japan’s move was in “outright denial” of its defeat in World War II, he added, reaffirming China’s repeated references to the 1939-45 war.

Yang’s speech sparked sharp exchanges between Japanese and Chinese diplomats as each sought a right of reply.

Japan’s deputy UN ambassador, Kazuo Kodama, said that “an assertion that Japan took the islands from China cannot logically stand”.

Kodama added the references to World War II were “unconvincing and unproductive”.

China’s UN envoy Li Baodong responded: “The Japanese delegate once again brazenly distorted history, resorting to spurious fallacious arguments that defy all reason and logic to justify their aggression of Chinese territory.

“The Japanese government still clings to its obsolete colonial mindset.

“China is capable of safeguarding the integrity of its territory.”

When Kodama responded that the islands “are clearly an inherent territory of Japan”, Li returned to the attack.

He  said his Japanese counterpart “feels no guilt for Japan’s history of aggression and colonialism”.

The Japanese government’s purchase of the islands was based purely on “the logic of robbers”, he stormed.

China has demanded the return of the uninhabited islands, known as the Diaoyu in Chinese and the Senkaku in Japanese, for decades. Taiwan also claims the islands. –  AFP/Agencies

A man reads the white paper on the Diaoyu Islands at a bookstore in downtown Beijing on Friday. The white paper, entitled Diaoyu Islands, an Inherent Territory of China, published in Chinese, English and Japanese, hit the market on Friday. It has been issued both at home and abroad to assert China's sovereignty over the island and its affiliated islets. Photo: Guo Yingguang/GT
A man reads the white paper on the Diaoyu Islands at a bookstore in downtown Beijing on Friday. The white paper, entitled Diaoyu Islands, an Inherent Territory of China, published in Chinese, English and Japanese, hit the market on Friday. It has been issued both at home and abroad to assert China’s sovereignty over the island and its affiliated islets. Photo: Guo Yingguang/GT
Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi accused Japan of stealing the Diaoyu Islands in an address to the UN General Assembly in New York Thursday, urging it to immediately stop infringing on China’s territorial sovereignty, correct its mistakes through concrete actions and return to the track of resolving the disputes through negotiation.Yang used the general debate of the ongoing session of the UN General Assembly to state China’s stance over recent rows stirred up by Japan’s “nationalization” of the islets.

His remarks came after Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda’s insistence that no territorial issue exists over the islets during a speech on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly on Wednesday.

“The Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islets have been an integral part of China’s territory since ancient times,” Yang said. “China has indisputable historical and legal evidence in this regard.”

Yang said Japan stole the islands in 1895 at the end of the Sino-Japanese War and forced the Chinese government to sign an unequal treaty to cede these islands and other Chinese territories.

After World War II, the Diaoyu Islands and other Chinese territories occupied by Japan were returned to China in accordance with the Cairo Declaration, the Potsdam Proclamation and other international documents, he said.

The Chinese Foreign Minister stated that, by taking such unilateral actions as the “island purchase,” the Japanese government had grossly violated China’s sovereignty.

“This is an outright denial of the outcome of the victory in the global anti-fascist war and poses a grave challenge to the post-war international order and the purposes and principles of the UN Charter,” he said.

Yang emphasized that the moves taken by Japan are totally “illegal” and “invalid,” which can in no way change the “historical fact” that Japan stole the Diaoyu Islands from China and the fact that China has territorial sovereignty over them.

“The Chinese government is firm in upholding China’s territorial sovereignty,” he added.
>In a rebuttal session following Yang’s speech, Li Baodong, China’s permanent representative to the UN, said that “the Japanese government still clings to its old-time colonial mindset,” the Xinhua News Agency reported.

According to Xinhua, Li said Japan’s “purchase” of the islands is based purely on “the logic of robbers.”

“Its purpose is to legalize the stealing and occupation of the Chinese territory through this illegal means and to confuse international public opinion and deceive the people of the world,” Li was quoted by Xinhua.

Zhou Hongjun, a professor with the International Law Faculty at the East China University of Politics and Law, told the Global Times that Japan’s denial of any territorial issue is void.

The countermeasures taken by China have put the waters off the Diaoyu Islands under the substantial control of both China and Japan, reversing Japan’s “illegal” control of the area in recent years, said Zhou.

“We ought to consolidate and extend our progress,” Zhou said.

On the sidelines of the UN General Assembly, Yang met with US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Thursday.

Reuters quoted a senior US State Department official as saying that during the talks, Clinton said it was important to ratchet down the quarrel over the islands that has soured ties between Asia’s two largest economies.

“We believe that Japan and China have the resources, have the restraint, and have the ability to work on this directly and take tensions down,” the official said.

Separately, the Chinese embassy in Tokyo said in a statement on its website that it received a suspicious envelope on Thursday, and that after an inspection by Japanese police, a rifle bullet was found in the envelope on Friday.

The embassy said that the Japanese police are investigating the incident, and the embassy has demanded Japanese police take concrete measures to protect the safety of Chinese organizations, enterprises and citizens in Japan.

Kyodo reported that the envelope bore the name of Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda.

A spokeswoman at the prime minister’s office only said that Noda had not sent the bullet, without elaborating on any action it might take, reported AFP. – Agencies

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Who owns Diaoyu Islands?


Historical documents dating back to the Ming Dynasty establish Diaoyu Islands as Chinese territory. The challenge to Chinese ownership came from Japanese annexation of the islands in 1894-5 following the first Sino-Japanese War.

TENSIONS are rising in the dispute between China and Japan over the Diaoyu Islands — five tiny islands and three rocks covering a mere 7sq km in the East China Sea.

It is a pity that this is happening especially when Chinese-Japanese economic ties have reached a new level since the end of last year with the two countries agreeing to use their respective currencies in their bilateral trade, instead of the US dollar.

To de-escalate tensions, Japan should make the first move. It was the Japanese government’s purchase of three of the islands from the Kurihara family on Sept 11, 2012 that ignited the present crisis. That decision should be rescinded immediately.

In fact, Japan has been upping the ante on Diaoyu — which Japan calls the Senkaku Islands — for some time now. It will be recalled that on Sept 7, 2010 when a Chinese fishing boat collided accidentally with a Japanese patrol vessel near Diaoyu, the captain and the crew of the Chinese boat were detained by the Japanese Coast Guard for a few days.

Though they were all released in the end, the incident revealed a new toughness on the part of the Japanese. The Chinese have been reacting to this and other such incidents.

What explains this new toughness? Some analysts attribute it partly to the growth of the political right in Japanese politics.

Japanese economic stagnation for more than two decades and China’s success in replacing Japan as the world’s second-most important economy have increased the influence of conservative nationalist forces in the country who are now targeting China.

Impending elections within the ruling Democratic Party and the forthcoming general election have also widened the berth for conservative politics.

It is also not a coincidence that the Japanese right-wing has become more vocal — especially vis-a-vis China — at a time when the United States is seeking to re-assert its presence and its power in the Asia-Pacific region. In the last couple of years, US political and military officials have on a number of occasions underscored the significance of US-Japan security ties.

Even on the Diaoyu dispute, the US government, while professing to remain neutral, has through the Pentagon made it clear that the Japan-US Security Treaty would come into force in the event of a military conflict between Japan and China.

This stance has to be viewed in the larger context of the US’ active military alignment with the Philippines in its recent clash with China over the Huangyan Island in the South China Sea and its support for Vietnam in its long-standing tiff with China over parts of the Spratly Islands and the Paracels.

For both Japan and the US there may also be other reasons why the Diaoyu Islands are important.

In 1968-9, a United Nations agency, it is reported, had discovered potential oil and gas reserves near Diaoyu. The US military, it is not widely known, also uses one of the five islands — Kuba — as a practice range for aircraft bombing.

Whatever the reasons for holding on to Diaoyu, Japan’s claim to ownership is weak. There are books, reports and maps from the 15th century, during the period of the Ming Dynasty, that establish in no uncertain terms that Diaoyu is Chinese territory. The books Voyage with a Tail Wind and Record of the Imperial Envoy’s Visit to Ryukyubear testimony to this.

Even writings by Japanese scholars in the late 19th century acknowledged this fact. The challenge to Chinese ownership of Diaoyu came from Japanese annexation of the Islands in 1894-5 following the first Sino-Japanese War. China under the Ching Dynasty was too weak to fight back and regain lost territory. But annexation through military force does not confer legitimacy upon the act of conquest.

This is why when Japan was defeated in the Second World War the victors who included China and the US recognised that Diaoyu was Chinese territory.

Both the Cairo Declaration and the Potsdam Declaration acknowledged this though for administrative purposes Diaoyu was placed under US control as part of its governance over the Ryukyu Islands. The US was then the occupying power in Japan following the latter’s surrender.

However, when China was taken over by the Chinese Communist Party in 1949, the US changed its position and began to treat the Islands as part of Japan. The Chinese communist leadership protested vehemently.

In 1971, the US Senate returned the Diaoyu Islands, together with Okinawa, to Japan under the Okinawa Reversion Treaty. Again, the Chinese government in Beijing objected, as did the Taiwan government which also regards the islands as part of China.

Since the normalisation of relations between China and Japan in 1972, both sides have agreed to allow their fishermen to operate in the waters surrounding the islands without resolving the issue of ownership.

Of course, neither China nor Japan has relinquished even an iota of its claim in the last 40 years. Recent incidents have, however, forced this unresolved issue into the open.

Apart from taking the first step by abrogating its purchase of the islands, as we have proposed, Japan should also come to terms with undeniable historical, legal and ethical facts. It must accept the irrefutable reality that the Diaoyu Islands belong to China.

We realise that there are powerful vested interests that will not allow Japan to embrace this truth.

Nonetheless, we should all try to persuade the Japanese government and the Japanese people that it would be in their best interest to do so.

Governments in Asia should convey this message to Japanese elites through quiet diplomacy. Citizen groups throughout the continent should speak up in a firm and courteous manner.

The media too should play its role by laying out the arguments for an amicable resolution of the dispute which respects truth and justice.

Comment by CHANDRA MUZAFFAR

>Dr Chandra Muzaffar is the President of the International Movement for a Just World (JUST)

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China announces geographic codes for Diaoyu Islands baseline to UN


BEIJING, Sept. 16 (Xinhua) — Releasing the geographic coordinates of Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islets marks China‘s latest move to affirm its sovereignty and administrative jurisdiction over the islands, according to a maritime expert.

China has had the islands under continuous surveillance for a long time, said Jia Yu, vice director of the China Institute for Marine Affairs attached to the State Oceanic Administration (SOA), in an interview with Xinhua on Saturday.

The SOA announced the exact longitude and latitude of Diaoyu Island and 70 of its affiliated islets while publishing location maps, three-dimension effect graphs and sketch maps for the islands on Saturday.

Since 2009, the SOA carried out a general survey of all Chinese islands, including the Diaoyu Islands, and announced their standard names and locations in March, Jia said.

“Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islets have been an inherent part of Chinese territory since ancient times and China has indisputable sovereignty over the islands,” Jia said.

Announcing the geographic codes is an important step for the country to exercise its administrative jurisdiction over the islands, he said.

“Only the sovereign state and its government can do that and no other nation, organization or individual has the right to do it. Even if they did, the announcement would be invalid,” he said.

The move also aims to help the public learn about the islands more vividly through the location maps, three-dimension effect graphs and sketch maps, provided that it remains difficult for the general public to visit the islands, Jia said.

“Through these documents, the country will conduct better surveillance and protection over the islands for future development,” Jia added.

On Monday, the Chinese government announced the base points and baselines of the territorial waters of Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islets, as well as the names and coordinates of 17 base points.

Also on Thursday, China’s permanent representative to the United Nations Li Baodong met with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and filed a copy of the Chinese government’s Diaoyu Islands baseline announcement with the United Nations.

“The two sets of coordinates are meant to maintain China’s sovereignty over the land as well as its adjacent waters,” Jia said.

UN receives China announcement on Diaoyu Islands baseline

The United Nations has received a copy of Chinese government’s Diaoyu Islands baseline announcement, submitted by China’s permanent representative to UN, Li Baodong.

A spokesman for UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says the document will be dealt with appropriately on the basis of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. On Thursday, Li Baodong met with Ban Ki-moon, and filed the copy, officially fulfilling the country’s obligations as stipulated in the UN Convention.

Under the Convention on the Law of the Sea, coastal states are required to deposit with the UN chief charts showing straight baselines and archipelagic baselines, as well as lists of geographical coordinates.

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China’s vessels patrol Diaoyu Islands after Japan illegally purchases and nationalizes them


Move displays jurisdiction as tensions keep growing over sea dispute

China Marine Surveillance 15, one of six patrol ships sent by China, arrives at the waters off Diaoyu Island on Friday. Zhang Jiansong / Xinhua

Six Chinese surveillance ships patrolled the waters around China’s Diaoyu Islands Friday morning, Xinhua News Agency reported, amid few signs that tensions over the territorial dispute were subsiding.

Television footage showed a Chinese Marine Surveillance officer aboard one of the ships radioing Japanese vessels to demand they leave.

“The actions of your ships violate China’s sovereignty and rights,” the officer was shown saying. “Any unilateral act from your side regarding the Diaoyu Islands and its affiliated islands is illegal and invalid. Please stop any infringing acts. Otherwise, your side will bear the consequences caused by your actions.”

The patrols are aimed to demonstrate China’s jurisdiction over the Diaoyu Islands and their affiliated waters and ensure the country’s maritime interests, a government statement said. The government has vowed that more action will be taken if the Japanese government doesn’t withdraw its deal to “purchase” and “nationalize” the islands.

It was the first surveillance mission by Chinese vessels in waters around the islands in the East China Sea since Beijing announced on Monday the base points and baselines of the territorial waters of the Diaoyu Islands and their affiliated islets, as well as the names and coordinates of the 17 base points.

“Announcing base points and baselines is the basis of establishing waters under national jurisdiction, on the basis of which the sea territory, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf can be established according to the provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea,” Assistant Foreign Minister Le Yucheng said on Friday at a symposium.

Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda’s cabinet approved the plan to “nationalize” the Diaoyu Islands on Monday, and the next day the Japanese government signed a deal to buy three of the Diaoyu Islands from “private owners”.

There is a “sinister tendency inside Japan that is taking Japan and China-Japan relations down an extremely dangerous road”, Le said.

“China will in no way recognize Japan’s illegal occupation of and so-called actual control over the Diaoyu Islands,” Le said.

The Japanese government’s “nationalization” of the Diaoyu Islands has sparked protests and countermeasures in China. The diplomatic standoff between Beijing and Tokyo has led to a series of canceled visits and exchanges.

A trip to Beijing later this month by a bipartisan group of incumbent and former Diet members was called off at the request of the Chinese host, according to Kyodo News.

China Comfort Travel Group stopped accepting reservations to Japan at its 220 affiliated travel agencies across China, according to Xinhua.

The company said the group will not resume Japan-bound tours unless the territorial issue is resolved.

China has a major holiday period from late September to the first week of October and if other agencies follow suit, Japan-bound tourism during the period could plummet.

The Japanese government’s moves over the Diaoyu Islands have scuttled bilateral cultural events, further dimming prospects for any fanfare to fete the 40th anniversary of ties.

Chinese pop singer Sun Nan canceled a concert scheduled for Tokyo later this month, and Japanese singer-songwriter Shinji Tanimura will postpone a Sept 25 concert in Beijing.

Both concerts had been organized to mark the 40th anniversary of the normalization of China-Japan diplomatic ties.

Panetta visit

US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta departs this weekend on an Asian tour with stops in Japan, China and New Zealand. He has decided to stop in Japan prior to his China visit, given the escalating tensions between the two countries, according to Kyodo News.

Panetta is scheduled to meet Japanese Defense Minister Satoshi Morimoto and Foreign Minister Koichiro Gemba on Monday.

“The US government should stay neutral,” said Gao Hong, deputy director of the Institute of Japanese Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

The US was directly involved in making the Diaoyu Islands a dispute.

In 1951, the Treaty of Peace with Japan was signed between Japan, the US and other countries, placing the Ryukyu Islands (known as Okinawa today) under the administration of the US. In 1953 the Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands under control of the US arbitrarily expanded its jurisdiction to include the Diaoyu Islands and its affiliated islets, which are Chinese territories. In 1971, Japan and the US signed the Okinawa Reversion Agreement, which included the Diaoyu Islands and other islets to be reverted to Japan.

China has firmly opposed and never recognized the backroom deals between Japan and the US.

By Cai Hong and Zhang Yunbi ( China Daily)

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China defense ministry acts as Japan buys its Diaoyu Islands


(Reuters) – Japan brushed off stern warnings by China on Tuesday and bought a group of islands that both sides claim in a growing dispute that threatens to deepen strains between Asia’s two biggest economies.

A territorial dispute between China and Japan has intensified with Beijing sending patrol ships near disputed East China Sea islands in a show of anger over Tokyo’s purchase of the largely barren outcroppings from their private owners.

The arrival on Tuesday of the two patrol ships of the China Marine Surveillance off the islands was meant to assert China’s claims, said the Chinese government’s official news agency, Xinhua.

The marine agency is a paramilitary force whose ships are often lightly armed, and Xinhua said it had drawn up a plan to safeguard China’s sovereignty of the islands.

BEIJING, Sept. 11 (Xinhua) — The armed forces of China are completely opposed to the Japanese government‘s move to “purchase” the Diaoyu Island and two of its adjacent islands, Chinese Defense Ministry Spokesman Geng Yansheng said Tuesday.

Xinhua said two marine surveillance ships had reached the waters near the islands to “assert the country’s sovereignty” (AFP/JIJI PRESS/File, Jiji Press)

Geng issued a statement on the Japanese government’s implementation of so-called “nationalization” of the Diaoyu Islands.

Despite strong opposition from the Chinese side, the Japanese government blatantly announced on Sept. 10 to “purchase” the Diaoyu Island and its affiliated Nan Xiaodao and Bei Xiaodao. This act is a severe infringment of Chinese territorial sovereignty, Geng said.

Geng said the Diaoyu Island and its affiliated islands are China‘s inherent territory. China has sufficient historical and jurisprudential evidence surrounding this.

Geng said the Japanese government’s action and the so-called “island purchase” was totally illegal and invalid.

In the statement, Geng said since the start of the year, the Japanese government has endorsed right wing forces to clamor for the “island purchase” and even move in to “purchasing the islands” by itself. He said this severely harmed the general situation of the development in China-Japan relations.

Geng said in recent years, Japan has expanded armament under various excuses, frequently incurred tension in regional situations and repeatedly stirred up troubles on the issue of the Diaoyu islands. Such moves are worthy of high vigilance by its Asian neighbors and the international community.

“The Chinese government and armed forces stand firm and are unshakeable in its determination and will safeguard sovereignty over the nation’s territories,” Geng said.

“We are watching closely the evolution of the situation and reserve the right to take reciprocal measures,” Geng said.

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TOKYO, Sept. 11 (Xinhua) — The Japanese government has exchanged the official contract on the purchase of Diaoyu Islands with Kurihara family whom the Japanese side called “the private owner”, NHK reported Tuesday morning.

Japanese Cabinet on Tuesday morning decided to disburse reserve funds to purchase part of China’s Diaoyu Islands, before signing a sales contract with whom the Japanese side called “the private owner” of the islands scheduled later Tuesday, it said.  Full story

BEIJING, Sept. 11 (Xinhua) — Two ships of the China Marine Surveillance (CMS) have reached the waters around the Diaoyu Islands Tuesday morning to assert the country’s sovereignty.

The CMS has drafted an action plan for safeguarding the sovereignty and would take actions pending the development of the situation, the CMS sources said.  Full story

Hu states China’s stance on Japan ties, Diaoyu Islands

VLADIVOSTOK, Russia, Sept. 9 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Hu Jintao met with Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda here on Sunday and made clear China’s position on its relations with Japan and the Diaoyu Islands issue.

The two leaders met on the sidelines of the 20th informal economic leaders’ meeting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.  Full story

Top legislator reiterates China’s stance on Diaoyu Islands

TEHRAN, Sept. 10 (Xinhua) — China’s top legislator Wu Bangguo said here Monday that Japan’s decision to “buy” the Diaoyu Islands is illegal and invalid.

Wu, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, briefed Iranian parliament speaker Ali Larijani on the latest development concerning the Diaoyu Islands.   Full story

“Absolutely no concession” on Diaoyu Islands, says Chinese premier

BEIJING, Sept. 10 (Xinhua) — Premier Wen Jiabao said Monday the Diaoyu Islands are an inalienable part of China’s territory and China will “absolutely make no concession” on issues concerning its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Despite repeated solemn representations of China, the Japanese government announced Monday it would “purchase” part of China’s Diaoyu Islands from “private Japanese owners” and bring the islands under “state control.”   Full story

Full text of Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China

BEIJING, Sept. 10 (Xinhua) — Following is the full text of the Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China issued on Monday.

Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China

10 September 2012

Regardless of repeated strong representations of the Chinese side, the Japanese government announced on 10 September 2012 the “purchase” of the Diaoyu Island and its affiliated Nan Xiaodao and Bei Xiaodao and the implementation of the so-called nationalization” of the islands. This constitutes a gross violation of China’s sovereignty over its own territory and is highly offensive to the 1.3 billion Chinese people. It seriously tramples on historical facts and international jurisprudence. The Chinese government and people express firm opposition to and strong protest against the Japanese move.  Full story

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Japan’s buying Diaoyu Islands provokes China to strike back

Japanese right-wingers seek political gains landed on Diaoyu Islands; China strongly protests


Japanese right-wingers seek political gains by exploiting Diaoyu Islands issue 

A pack of Japanese right-wingers landed on the Chinese-owned Diaoyu Islands in the East China Sea on Sunday, in a blatant move that they claimed to “mourn the war dead”, but in fact it was a scheme to net political leverage.

More than 150 Japanese right-wing activists participated in the event, including eight members of parliament. After gathering in the surrounding waters in 21 ships, 10 people landed on the island and stayed for over two hours.

Their gross violation of China’s sovereignty has raised an uproar in China, with demonstrations flaring up in numerous cities in the country.

“China strongly opposes Japanese rightists landing on the Diaoyu Islands on Sunday, and urges Japan to put an end to its actions that seek to undermine China’s territorial sovereignty,” the Chinese Foreign Ministry said Sunday in a statement.

A quick background-check of the right-wing politicians and organizations that sponsored this provocative bid shows that their target of much-sought prize may not be the islands themselves, but rather political leverage that could put them back in the driver’s seat back at home.

Tokyo governor Shintaro Ishihara, who prompted the Japanese government to “nationalize” the Diaoyu Islands with his “island-buying” farce, was notorious for denying the 1937 Nanjing massacre, during which the Japanese aggressor troops killed more than 300,000 Chinese citizens in World War II

Yoshitaka Shindo, another right-wing politician and a member of Japan’s House of Representatives, is the grandson of Tadamichi Kuribayashi, a general of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second World War who was killed in Iwo Jima.

Behind the drape of “mourning the war dead,” what these right-wingers are really pursuing is personal political gains, even if it meant exploiting the public’s sympathy toward the deceased.

Japanese scholars believe that as the Japanese society is bedeviled by sustained economic downturn and lack of confidence, publications advertizing “the Japan crisis theory” and the “China threat theory” could bring comfort to the public.

Moreover, widespread sorrowful sentiment among the public that Japan has been economically overtaken by China also feeds the right-wingers who advocate getting tough with China.

The narrow-visioned nationalism would only bring destruction to a country, warned Makoto Iokibe, former president of the National Defense Academy of Japan in an article published by the Asahi Shimbun on Sunday.

“Every country is easily emotionalized when it comes to issues of territory. The rightward tendency in Japan has been enhanced recently,” he said.

Against this backdrop, if the voices and moves of the right-wingers were unchecked or event expanded, hostility across the East China Sea would increase, further dampening the perspective of closer bilateral ties between Asia’s two largest economies and regional stability.

Therefore, “the Japanese government and people should speak in more rational voices and avoid being hijacked by the right-wingers and heading to the extreme,” Iokibe said. – Xixhua

Update:

Aug. 24 (Xinhua) — China on Friday expressed strong displeasure at the Japanese leader’s remark on Diaoyu Islands, with Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei saying that it “sabotages China’s territorial sovereignty.”

On the same day, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda told the press that Japan claimed Diaoyu Islands were part of its territory. The Meiji government integrated them into Japan in 1895 without the signs of rule by the Qing Dynasty of China at that time.

Hong stressed that the Diaoyu Islands and surrounding islets “have been the inherent territory of China since ancient times” because they “were first found, named and used by the Chinese.”

The earliest historical record of Diaoyu Islands can be dated back to China’s Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) in a book titled “Departure Along the Wind” (published in 1403), in which the names of “Diaoyu Islet” and “Chiwei Islet” were used. The names refer to the nowadays Diaoyu Islands and Chiwei Islet, Hong said.

He went on to say that Hu Zongxian, the Zhejiang governor of Ming Dynasty, marked Diaoyu Islands and surrounding islets in China’s maritime defense.

“It demonstrated that these islands were at least within China’s maritime defense sphere since the Ming Dynasty,” Hong said.

Japan claimed its sovereign requirement during the China-Japanese War in 1895 and seized the islands with illegal means. “The saying that Diaoyu Islands were inherent territory of Japan is totally groundless,” Hong said.

The Cairo Deceleration issued after the World War II regulated that all territory illegally taken by Japan, including China’s northeast, Taiwan and Penghu islets, must be returned to China, according to the spokesman.

In August 1945, Japan announced its unconditional surrender under the terms of Potsdam Proclamation. “It means Japan must return Taiwan, the Diaoyu Islands and surrounding islets to China,” he said.

On Sept. 18, 1951, then Chinese Premier and Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai made a solemn statement on behalf of the Chinese government that the Treaty of Peace with Japan signed in San Francisco of the United States was illegal and invalid, and it absolutely would not be recognized without the preparation and signing of the People’s Republic of China.

In June 1971, Japan and the United States signed a pact to hand over Okinawa to Japan. Diaoyu Islands were mapped in the handover area.

“It is a private trading of the Chinese territory,” Hong said.

China’s Foreign Ministry announced on Dec. 30 of 1971 that such a move was “totally illegal” and reiterated that Diaoyu Islands and surrounding islets were “an integral part of the Chinese territory”, he said.

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China urges Japan to take practical action to improve ties

BEIJING, Aug. 24 (Xinhua) — China on Friday urged Japan to take practical action to improve bilateral relations amid a territorial dispute regarding nearby islands.

A resolution adopted by the Japanese House of Representatives said that as important partners with shared interests, relations between Japan and China should be deepened so as to promote regional and international peace, stability and prosperity.  Full story

China urges Japan to stop territorial sovereignty violations

BEIJING, Aug. 17 (Xinhua) — China on Friday urged Japan to refrain from any action that might violate China’s territorial sovereignty and use dialogues and negotation to solve an ongoing dispute over the Diaoyu Islands.

“The Japanese side should maintain Sino-Japanese relations through concrete action,” said Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang, when talking about the recent illegal detainment and release of 14 Chinese nationals by Japan.  Full story

 

 • The Japanese coast guard confirmed that at least nine Japanese activists landed on Diaoyu Islands.
    • They arrived at the waters near the Diaoyu Islands with a group of 150 Japanese activists.
 • The group plans to hold a ceremony for people died in the war in 1945.

TOKYO, Aug. 19 (Xinhua) — The Japanese Maritime Safety Agency confirmed that 10 Japanese activists landed on the Diaoyu Islands Sunday, local media reported.

VIDEO: CHINA PROTESTS JAPANESE VISIT TO DIAOYU ISLAND CCTV News – CNTV English

The Japanese coast guard‘s patrol vessels found 10 people swam to the Diaoyu Islands from their fleet at around 7:30 Sunday, and called them to leave as soon as possible after their landing.

The 10 people, no parliamentarians, remained at the island for about two hours and unfurled several Japanese flags. All of them left the island and swam back to their boats before 10:00.

A fleet of around 150 Japanese activists and 21 vessels departed from the Ishigaki city Saturday and arrived at the waters near the Diaoyu Islands early Sunday morning. The Japanese government had rejected their landing application earlier this month.

The group also plans to hold a ceremony for people who died in World War II and investigate fishery conditions in the waters near the Diaoyu Islands to declare the islands are Japanese territory.

China on Saturday lodged solemn representations with Japan as the group comprising some Japanese lawmakers and members of right- wing groups plan to go to the Diaoyu Islands waters to hold activities. Foreign Ministry Spokesman Qin Gang said that China has urged the Japanese side to immediately stop the action that seeks to undermine China’s territorial sovereignty.

Thousands of people in a number of Chinese cities, including Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Hangzhou, Harbin and Qingdao, took to the street on Sunday morning to voice their opposition to the Japanese activists’ landing on the Diaoyu Islands.

The act of the Japanese activists came after 14 Chinese activists arrived at the Diaoyu Islands by a Hong Kong fishing vessel to assert China’s territorial claim to the islands last Wednesday. They were illegally arrested shortly after and were released last Friday.

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China lodges solemn representations with Japan on Diaoyu Islands

BEIJING, August 18 (Xinhua) — China on Saturday lodged solemn representations with Japan as some Japanese lawmakers and members of right-wing groups plan to go to the Diaoyu Islands waters to hold activities. Full story

China urges Japan to stop territorial sovereignty violations

BEIJING, Aug. 17 (Xinhua) — China on Friday urged Japan to refrain from any action that might violate China’s territorial sovereignty and use dialogues and negotation to solve an ongoing dispute over the Diaoyu Islands.

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China holds “firm stance” over Diaoyu Islands

BEIJING, Aug. 17 (Xinhua) — China holds a “firm stance” over the Diaoyu Islands, and any of Japan’s unilateral moves against Chinese nationals is illegal and invalid, the Foreign Ministry said Friday.

As Japan decided to release 14 Chinese nationals it was detaining, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said: “China holds a clear and firm stance on the issue of Diaoyu Islands.” Full story

China strongly protests against Japanese rightists’ landing on Diaoyu Islands

People in a number of Chinese cities, including Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Hangzhou and Harbin, took to the street Sunday morning to voice their opposition to Japanese right wing activists’ landing on the Diaoyu Islands. [Sina Weibo]

People in a number of Chinese cities, including Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Hangzhou, Harbin and Qingdao, took to the street Sunday morning to voice their opposition to Japanese ring wing activists’ landing on China’s Diaoyu Islands.

Around 8:50 a.m., over 100 protestors gathered near the Consulate-General of Japan in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, holding Chinese national flags and banners reading, “Defend China’s territory over the Diaoyu Islands.”

They also shouted, “Japan, get out of the Diaoyu Islands!”

From 9:40 a.m., protestors marched on major roads in Guangzhou, as police maintained order.

The protestors returned to the Consulate-General of Japan in Guangzhou around 10:30 a.m., and some Guangzhou residents staged a sit-in at the gate of the compound.

In downtown Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, protestors gathered at SEG Plaza around 9:00 a.m., holding Chinese national flags and shouting about defending China’s territory.

From 10:30 a.m., protestors marched on major roads in the city’s downtown area.

As of 11:00 a.m., about 1,000 protestors had assembled in Shenzhen.

In Harbin, capital of northeast China’s Heilongjiang Province, hundreds of residents gathered at Dragon Tower Square, a city landmark.

The protestors organized online, and some local residents arrived at the scene to support the protestors by offering them Chinese national flags and drinking water, according to the protestors.

The protestors were led along the city’s major roads by two cars flying Chinese national flags. Police maintained order and directed traffic, as the group gained more protestors throughout the march.

In the capital of northeast China’s Liaoning Province, about 100 protestors gathered at a square near the Shenyang municipal government building and marched to the Consulate-General of Japan in Shenyang.

Some of the protestors wore red dresses bearing the Chinese characters for “China” and held loudspeakers. Police were on hand to maintain order.

The Japan Coast Guard confirmed that nine Japanese activists landed on the Diaoyu Islands early Sunday morning, Japanese media reported.

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